Date of Conferral



Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)




Donald R. Poplau


At an urban school district, administrators were concerned about the English language arts (ELA) achievement gap between economically disadvantaged (ED) students and non-economically disadvantaged (NED). To address this gap in performance, district administrators instituted an extended day program (EDP) for ED students that included additional learning time and individualized strategies in ELA. The purpose of the study was to determine the extent of the impact that the EDP had on ED students in ELA achievement. The quasi-experimental quantitative design was guided by Carroll's model of school learning and explored the difference in ELA Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) scale scores between ED students who participated in the EDP and ED students who did not during the 2016/2017 school year. The study examined 28 matched-pairs of students, based on grade level and reading ability who were classified as ED during school year 2016/2017, following an intervention. Ex post facto analysis included a paired-samples t test to determine whether a statistically significant difference existed in ELA PARCC scores for ED students who received the intervention and those who did not, controlling for grade level and reading level. Data analysis indicated no statistical difference between groups. The project deliverable recommended implementation of a Response to Intervention program to replace the EDP because such a program would affect more students. Local school administrators may use the findings of the study to effectuate positive social change by making program decisions that could support the improvement of ELA achievement of ED students. In the larger context, this study could become part of the body of literature on the relationship between extended learning time and academic achievement among ED students.

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