Date of Conferral
Shari L. Jorissen
The use of electronic health records (EHR) has the potential to improve relationships between physicians and patients and significantly improve care delivery. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationships between hospital attributes and EHR implementation. The research design for this study was the cross-sectional approach. Secondary data from the Health Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) Analytics Database was utilized (n = 169) in a correlational crosssectional research design. Normalization Process Theory (NPT) and implementation theory were the theoretical underpinnings used in this study. Multiple linear regressions results showed statistically significant relationships between the 4 independent variables (region, ownership status, number of staffed beds [size], and organizational control) and the outcomes for the dependent variables of EHR software application attributes (Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS) components), EHR software application attributes (major systems), and successful implementation of Meaningful Use (MU) (p = .001). A statistically significant relationship (p = .001) was also found between the 2 independent variables (EHR software application attributes [CDSS components] and EHR software application attributes [major systems]) and the outcome of successful implementation of MU when combined. This evidence should provide policy makers and health practitioners support for their attempts to implement EHR systems to result in positive Meaningful Use which has been shown to be more cost effective and result in better quality of care for patients.The potential social change is improved medication prescribing and administration for hospitals and, lower cost and better quality of care for patients.