Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Despite best available care, uncontrolled chronic kidney disease (CKD) â?? a complex disease that impacts millions in the United States, will eventually progress to end stage renal disease which is associated with high morbidity and mortality. New evidence suggests management of earlier stages of CKD is effective in delaying disease progression. This project evaluated the impact of a CKD class, led by a nephrology nurse practitioner, on preventing disease progression in advanced CKD patients with diabetes and hypertension. The purpose of the class was to validate the need for the advanced practice nurse (APN) in the care continuum of CKD. CKD education is a quality improvement project based on the chronic illness trajectory nursing model by Corbin and Strauss. Using a case-control method and a simple descriptive statistic to compare the mean values, retrospective data from 52 patients were analyzed. Twelve non-participating patients had a mean 7% increase in serum creatinine levels at the 1-year mark. Forty participating patients saw a mean decrease of 30% serum creatinine. With significant evidence suggesting that disease progression is delayed and renal function is improved in all study markers for patients who participated in a CKD education class led by a nephrology nurse practitioner and who received usual care â?? an argument can be made for updating the APN role in the continuum of care for those with CKD. The results may contribute to social change by providing improved access to quality care that addresses the socioeconomic devastation of end stage renal disease.