Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) signifies a significant public health challenge that is both avoidable and treatable. There was no standardized education offered to the COPD population at the practice location. The scope of the project encompassed standardizing education by developing a self-management packet for the COPD patients. The goal of this project was to examine how the development of a standardized COPD self-management packet enhances the quality of care and strategizes reducing 30-day readmissions compared to nonstandardized delivery of education. Orem's self-care theory and Bandura's self-efficacy concept were used to explain the principle of self-management, while Rosswurm and Larrabee's evidence-based practice model was used to guide practice change. The U.S. Prevention Service Task Force's level of evidence hierarchy was chosen to categorize the strengths and weaknesses of the evidence referenced for this project. Postdevelopment surveys using the Likert scale were distributed to the facility's COPD committee, and a 70% response rate of strongly agreed to all questions was achieved. There were no adverse responses, and the packet was approved unanimously. Based on the positive responses, the packet will be easily adapted and beneficial in practice. The recommendation is to pilot the packet on the medical-surgical unit and follow-up postdischarge with phone calls to ascertain patients' perspective of the packet. Utilization of the education packet will lead to positive social change by affording the stakeholders self-management awareness and positive outcome measures including reducing the COPD 30-day readmission rate, curtailing economic strains, and promoting positive patient-centered relationships.