Date of Conferral
There is an increased interest in the need for a noninvasive and nonintrusive biometric identification and recognition system such as Automatic Gait Identification (AGI) due to the rise in crime rates in the US, physical assaults, and global terrorism in public places. AGI, a biometric system based on human gait, can recognize people from a distance and current literature shows that AGI has a 95.75% success rate in a closely controlled laboratory environment. Also, this success rate does not take into consideration the effect of covariate factors such as affective state (mood state); and literature shows that there is a lack of understanding of the effect of affective state on gait biometrics. The purpose of this study was to determine the percent success rate of AGI in an uncontrolled outdoor environment with affective state as the main variable. Affective state was measured using the Profile of Mood State (POMS) scales. Other covariate factors such as footwear or clothes were not considered in this study. The theoretical framework that grounded this study was Murray's theory of total walking cycle. This study included the gait signature of 24 participants from a population of 62 individuals, sampled based on simple random sampling. This quantitative research used empirical methods and a Fourier Series Analysis. Results showed that AGI has a 75% percent success rate in an uncontrolled outdoor environment with affective state. This study contributes to social change by enhancing an understanding of the effect of affective state on gait biometrics for positive identification during and after a crime such as bank robbery when the use of facial identification from a surveillance camera is either not clear or not possible. This may also be used in other countries to detect suicide bombers from a distance.
Adumata, Kofi Agyemang, "Analysis of Affective State as Covariate in Human Gait Identification" (2017). Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies. 4584.