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Heart failure is ranked as one of the leading causes of hospitalizations and mortality among adults of all racial/ethnic groups in the United States. Telemonitoring, as a homecare intervention for heart failure management, has been used across all groups although the benefit for Hispanics not established. The purpose of this retrospective, quantitative study was to determine the differences in hospital readmission between Hispanic, non-Hispanic Black, and non-Hispanic White patients with heart failure disease who either received or did not receive home telemonitoring services from a homecare agency in Connecticut. The research questions for this study examined the effect of home telemonitoring, race, age, gender, and insurance on heart failure hospitalization across the 3 groups. The chronic care model was used as the theoretical framework for this study because it offers a method for reforming healthcare to ensure optimization in chronic disease management. A purposive sample of 138 records of patients admitted between January 1, 2012 and June 30, 2017 with a diagnosis of heart failure provided the data for the study. Data were analyzed by conducting a simple and multiple logistic regression analysis. The key findings of the simple logistic analysis showed that only Hispanics who used telemonitoring were almost 4 times less likely to be readmitted to the hospital compared to Hispanics who did not use telemonitoring (p = 0.04). The multiple logistic analysis revealed race, age, gender, and insurance were not significant predictors of readmissions (p > 0.05). The findings from this study may promote positive social change by providing healthcare providers with a better understanding of the effects of home telemonitoring for treating adult Hispanic patients with heart failure disease.
Caban, Priscilla Liza, "Effect of Home Telemonitoring on Heart Failure Hospital Readmissions Among Adult Hispanics" (2017). Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies. 4428.