Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Workplace violence against nurses causes stress, job dissatisfaction, injury, and financial burden. The purpose of this project was to examine training for nurses on violence, risk factors and on reporting workplace violence. The practice-focused question was designed to examine the effectiveness of educating nurses regarding violent patients and how to report episodes of violence. Benner's novice to expert theory guided the skill acquisition training of a convenience sample of 25 Midwestern medical nurses. The nurses participated by completing a survey prior to and following a violence simulation. A qualitative design was used with the 25 nurse participants who completed the pre-and post-simulation education surveys to assess for increased knowledge. Data were manually tabulated by coding responses into categories. Categorical themes of risk factors related to violence included environment, behavior, and illness-related; and themes related to interventions to prevent violence included awareness, education, communication, de-escalation, and calming. Overall results indicated that nurses saw the importance of reporting all injuries and violence to supervisors. The project makes a meaningful contribution to nursing practice by informing nurses how to report violence and injury from violence, and by informing administrators of the need for education in the recognition of risk factors for violence. The positive social change impact of this study for nurses is increased awareness that violence is not acceptable, and that a healthy work environment benefits nurses and promotes a safer healthcare work environment for patients and visitors to the healthcare setting.