Date of Conferral
Doctor of Public Health (DrPH)
The purpose of this mixed methods research study was to examine the role of adherence barriers to healthcare and the impact that such barriers have on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) compliance for African Americans living with HIV/AIDS. HAART helps reduce HIV/AIDS morbidity and mortality. Of the 49% of study participants who had been out of medical care for more than 12 months, financial concerns were listed as the most common barrier (22.8%). Not having the support from family and friends (17.5%), being tired of going to doctor appointments (15.8%), health challenges (12.3%), lack of transportation (12.3%), and incarceration (12.3%) were also barriers in medical care that had a direct influence on noncompliance. The overall model of the linear regression analysis was significant, R2 = .469, adjusted R2 = .458, F(1, 49) = 43.24, p < .001. Being in medical care on a regular basis accounted for 46.9% of the total variance in attending primary care visits. The outcome of this analysis confirms the hypotheses (HA1) that attending 2 primary care visits within 6 months of being linked to care increased the rate of compliance for African Americans on HAART living with HIV/AIDS. The overall model of the linear regression analysis was significant, R2 = .469, adjusted R2 = .458, F(1, 49) = 7.206, p < .001. Being in medical care on a regular basis accounted for 46.9% of the total variance in attending primary care visits. The outcome of this analysis empasizes the importance of HAART compliance. These findings can lead to positive social changes by improving quality of life and health, which impacts gainful employment, sustains positive relationships, improves finances, and increases self-sufficiency
Corbin, Angela Bumphus, "Adherence Barriers to Healthcare for African Americans with HIV/AIDS on Antiretroviral Medications" (2017). Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies. 3759.