Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Since 1999, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) outbreaks have occurred in many correctional facilities. Even after the Federal Bureau of Prisons developed clinical practice guidelines on the management of MRSA within correctional facilities, the prevalence of MRSA decreased only insignificantly. Other researchers suggested infection control compliance was equally as important as developing clinical practice guidelines in reducing the incidence of MRSA. Several studies identified the healthcare professionals' nonadherence and inconsistencies to clinical practice guidelines as contributors to MRSA transmission. Accordingly, this project was designed to develop evidence-based recommendations for improving nurse professionals' adherence to MRSA practice guidelines in correctional settings. Using the health belief model as the theoretical framework, this project examined the nurse professionals' perceptions as well as their level of knowledge regarding MRSA by using an original instrument, Knowledge and Health Beliefs Regarding MRSA Questionnaire. The study employed a quantitative design with a purposeful sample of 36 participants using social media. Through descriptive statistical analysis, it was determined that MRSA training and education were the greatest barriers among the nurse professionals in taking MRSA preventive action (64%, n = 23). Based on the findings, assessing the educational needs of the nurse professionals must become the priority when designing infection control programs. This study contributes to social change by recognizing the potential health impact of MRSA and cautions that if public health officials do not control MRSA within correctional settings, such behavior can affect the transmission of MRSA both nationally and globally.