Date of Conferral



Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A.)




Anne Davis


Some supervisors lack effective strategies to retain millennial generation employees. The purpose of this multicase study was to explore effective strategies supervisors use to retain culinary-educated millennial employees in full-service restaurants. Nine millennials and 3 supervisors from 3 full-service restaurants in Denver, Colorado consented to face-to-face semistructured interviews with open-ended interview questions concerning retention strategies. The conceptual framework of Herzberg's two-factor theory served to guide the scope and the data analysis for the multicase study. The interview transcripts were coded and grouped into themes. Explanation building for the data analysis assisted in finding causal links between cases and the unit of analysis, and in assembling a broad explanation to fit each case. Ten subcategories emerged from the 3 themes that aligned with Herzberg's motivation factors, hygiene factors, and millennial values and attitudes. The 10 subcategories were developed, and indicated that effective strategies differ by supervisor. Among the ten subcategories, the most prominent were (a) growth and advancement, (b) positive working conditions, and (c) quality and influence of the supervisor. This study may contribute to social change by providing restaurant supervisors with strategies for millennial retention and keeping young workers in the community to share in the responsibility of social progress and to reach their full potential.