Date of Conferral
Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A.)
Some hospital leaders lacked strategies for implementing electronic medical record (EMR) systems. The purpose of this case study was to explore successful strategies that hospital leaders used in implementing EMR systems. The target population consisted of hospital leaders who succeeded in implementing EMR systems in a single healthcare organization located in the Los Angeles, California region. The conceptual framework used was Kotter's (1996) eight-step process for leading change, and data were collected from face-to-face recorded interviews with 5 participants and from company documents related to EMR design and development. Data were analyzed through methodological triangulation of data types, and exploring codes exhibiting high frequencies to identify principal themes and subthemes. The data coding revealed three primary themes. The first theme related to strategies addressing training, technology, and catalyzing team effort. The second theme related to strategies focusing on employees' concerns, and the third theme related to strategies for designing, developing, and disseminating workflow. The findings affirmed the conceptual framework of Kotter (1996) inasmuch as they showed that participating hospital leaders used one or more steps in Kotter's eight-stage process of creating, implementing, and sustaining significant change. The findings could effect social change by improving the quality of healthcare services provided to patients, which can subsequently benefit patients' families and communities through reducing the costs of healthcare.