Measuring the Incidence and Prevalence of cardiovascular Diseases In NIgeria
Date of Conferral
Doctor of Public Health (DrPH)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major contributor to chronic diseases. High blood pressure and other modifiable cardiovascular risk factors are on the increase in Nigeria. The purposes of this study were to (a) explore associations among high blood pressure, social economic status, and health status awareness and (b) measure the incidence and prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in 3 states of Nigeria: Lagos, Ekiti, and Ondo. Participants (N = 368) were selected through stratification and randomization. Data were collected in person with the aid of validated questionnaire, which measured socioeconomic status as well as other variables in Lagos, Ado Ekiti, Ijesa-Isu, and Akure. Logistic regression and correlation analyses showed no significant difference in the regional incidence and prevalence of cardiovascular disease (F (4, 362) = 1.23, p = 0.30); and there was no significant relationship between the health status variable and the standard of living variable. Due to the fact that only 3 out of 36 states were sampled, this study is not generalizable and some other cardiovascular diseases modifiable risks factors that were not measured could have reacted differently in analysis. This study's results set precedence by promoting cardiovascular health. When disseminated, the results of this study will help advocate for a change process that curtails cost and decreases the general burden of CVDs in other, similar areas. Recommendations include measuring this incidence and prevalence of CVDs in all 36 states of Nigeria and exploring the interactions between culture, religion, health, and beliefs.