Date of Conferral



Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)




Kimberley Alkins


Literacy coaching is a widely implemented method for increasing teacher effectiveness and student learning. However, literacy coaches, teachers, and administrators from various countries have expressed confusion and concerns regarding this method. In the current research setting, literacy coaching was implemented to improve reading test scores with inconsistent results. Cultural historical activity theory was used as the theoretical framework for this sequential explanatory mixed-methods research that explored literacy coaching relationships in the research site from the teachers' perspectives. Phase 1 research questions examined (a) differences between the amount of time coaches spent with teachers, (b) components of coaching teachers found most/least effective, (c) how effective the teachers found literacy coaching, and (d) the correlation between the amount of time teachers spent with coaches and their effectiveness ratings. Phase 2 concerned teachers' experiences with coaching, and teachers' ideal literacy coaching situations. Twenty-two teachers completed surveys in Phase 1. Overall, teachers rated literacy coaching between ineffective and very effective. The median scores for individual components of literacy coaching were between neutral and effective. Significant correlations were found between effectiveness ratings and time spent with literacy coaches in a group, r (20) = .34, p = .01, and time spent one-on-one, r (20) = .54, p = .01. Phase 2 consisted of interviews with 9 teachers. Four themes resulted from framework qualitative analysis: what teachers want from coaches and coaching, teacher concerns, how teachers view the coaches, and coaching in practice. Three trainings were created to provide administrators, literacy coaches, and teachers with strategies and local data that may improve their practice and student reading capabilities.