Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Asthma is the most common chronic disease in childhood. Education directed toward asthma self-management is vital and emphasizes patient participation in symptom monitoring and control. The practice problem addressed in this quality improvement project was the lack of an asthma management plan in the pediatric setting for which the project was developed. The purpose of the project was to develop an evidence-based asthma initiative consisting of a staff education curriculum with a pretest/posttest and a patient self-management component. Using a team approach, Rosswurm and Larrabee's conceptual model served as the practice framework to guide the development of the project. Two content experts evaluated the curriculum plan using a 9-item dichotomous rating. Results of their evaluation showed that the content met the objectives of the curriculum. The content experts also conducted content validation for each of the 17 pretest/posttest items using a 4-point Likert scale ranging from1 (â??not relevantâ??) to 4 (â??highly relevantâ??), that resulted in a content validation index of 1.00 revealing that the test items reflected the content of the curriculum and the intent of the objectives. This project promotes positive social change by providing patients and families with the ability to recognize and handle asthma symptoms. This change can prevent exacerbation of symptoms resulting in avoidable emergency department visits ultimately impacting healthcare costs and the well-being of patients and families.