Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Hispanics are at increased risk for diabetes and are 40% more likely to die from the condition than are non-Hispanic Caucasians. The purpose of this project was to determine the effects of diabetes education conducted in Spanish by bilingual staff on the self-management and self-efficacy of a sample of 50 volunteer adult Hispanic clinic patients with diabetes. The education intervention incorporated the American Diabetes Associationâ??s Diabetes Self-Management Education program materials. Banduraâ??s self-efficacy theory was selected as the theoretical support for the project that relied on self-management education of the patients to improve their self-efficacy to undertake the interventions necessary to manage their disease. The Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire measured patient understanding and self-care management of diabetes before and after the education intervention, and the Diabetes Self-Efficacy Scale measured the self-efficacy of the patients before and after the intervention. Paired sample t tests were calculated to compare the pretest to posttest scores on the full questionnaire and subscales. The full scale and the glucose monitoring control and physical activity subscales showed statistically significant improvement pretest to posttest. An increase in the pretest to posttest Diabetes Self-Efficacy Scale scores was not significant. Results indicated that the diabetes education was an effective way to improve self-reported daily blood glucose monitoring and physical activity. The project may result in positive social change from the better self-management of some diabetes control skills among Hispanic adult patients when education is delivered in Spanish.