Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Asthma is a chronic airway inflammatory disease that is characterized by reversible airway obstruction due to hyper-responsiveness of the tracheobronchial tree. The condition disproportionately affects male children, females, and the aged globally, and its prevalence keeps rising despite being a preventable condition in terms of relapse. Most asthmatic patients receive care in primary care settings. Various health agencies have developed asthma management guidelines to improve the quality of asthma care; however, in some cases, adherence to these guidelines is substandard. The overarching aim of this study was to determine whether primary care providers manage asthma in line with the available guidelines. A qualitative systematic review was conducted by searching for journal articles published between 2005 and 2016 relating to guideline use in primary care management of asthma. Twenty-nine primary studies evaluating adherence to asthma management guidelines were included. The collected data were analyzed through thematic data analysis techniques, and various themes emerged with regard to the research questions. Generally, the findings suggest that there is a mismatch between what is needed by patients/caregivers and what is currently provided by primary care providers (PCPs) in primary care settings and that asthma management guidelines are only partially followed or not used. Emerging themes were classified into 3 main categories: physician-, patient-, and institution-related barriers. The study provides recommendations on how adherence to asthma management can be improved.