Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Improving Quality-of-Life in Older Adults with Depression and Diabetes through Medication Compliance Education
MSN, Adelphi University, 1997
BSN, Adelphi University, 1986
Project Submitted in Partial Fulfillment
of the Requirement for the Degree of
Doctor of Nursing Practice
Diabetes and depression are prevalent diseases that cause morbidity and mortality. Diabetes is a heterogeneous metabolic disease in which hypoglycemia is a central feature. Depression is associated with increased counter-regulatory, hormone release, and alteration in glucose transport function. Depression occurs in some individuals with diabetes and is associated with poor metabolic control, inadequate control of diet, and poor adherence to medication that can decrease quality of life. The prevalence of depression in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients is significantly higher in the over 55-year-old population than in the general public. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to assess whether a medication compliance program would improve the quality of life of older adults diagnosed with depression and diabetes. Orem's self-care deficit theory provided a theoretical framework to guide and assist the patient with depression and diabetes to meet self-management regimen. The project question investigated whether a compliance education program could improve the quality of life of adults with depression and diabetes. A convenience sample of 28 patients diagnosed with depression and diabetes participated in the program. Outcome data were collected pre and post-intervention via the World Health Organization's Quality of Life Questionnaire and calculated using percentage difference, revealing an improvement in quality of life. There were compelling improvements in physical health (+28.5%), social relationships (+32.3%), and environment (+25%). Measurable improvements were also seen in physical health (+15.1) and in general health (+3.6). These findings may serve to influence practice and can lead to positive social change in this population by decreasing the risk of complications and improve the well-being of these dual diagnosis patients.
Hinds-Beharrie, Valreen, "Improving Quality of life in Older Adults with Depression and Diabetes through Medication Compliance Education" (2016). Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies. 2156.