Culturally-Based Diabetes Self-Management Education and Diabetes Knowledge in the Hispanic Population
Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
The Hispanic population has an elevated prevalence of diabetes, resulting in large part from a lack of self-management skills required to obtain glycemic control. The purpose of this project was to determine whether diabetes self-management knowledge was improved through the use of a culturally-based diabetes self-management program for Hispanic adults with diabetes using elements of the Hispanic culture. The research question asked whether a researcher-developed diabetes self-management education program that incorporated elements of the Hispanic culture improved diabetes knowledge in the Hispanic population when compared to a non-culturally based diabetes self-management program. The project was conducted using a quasi-experimental control group pre-test/post-test design using the stages of change transtheroretical model as its theoretical framework. Twenty-three Hispanic adults who had a diagnosis of diabetes and a Hemoglobin A1c level of greater than 7%, were recruited for the project. All project participants were recruited through a referral process from a local community clinic located in Montgomery County Texas. Pre/post-test data for the project were obtained through use of the University of Michigan's Diabetes Knowledge Test. A paired-sample t test was conducted to compare the pre-test and post-test results of the experimental group and the control group The project data results showed a significant difference (p < 0.05) between the pre/post-test scores of the experimental group but showed no difference between the 2 scores for the control group, leading to the recommendation that diabetes self-management education should be culturally based. Positive social change was gained from this project through the empowerment of Hispanics in the self-management of diabetes.
Grunden, Leslie Weldon, "Culturally-Based Diabetes Self-Management Education and Diabetes Knowledge in the Hispanic Population" (2016). Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies. 2032.