Date of Conferral



Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A.)




Romuel Nafarrete


The shift to defined contribution plans from defined benefit plans have left future retirees concerned about having the necessary funds to retire. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore how investment behaviors have changed due to losses in retirement accounts because of the global financial crisis of 2008. Building upon the conceptual framework of attribution theory and risk perception theory, this study explored what might encourage future retirees to use the stock market for retirement. A purposeful sample of 20 Hampton Roads, Virginia residents who held retirement accounts prior to the financial crisis of 2008 consented to interviews about their retirement planning. Through open coding of the interview data, themes emerged on the need for financial education and a fear of losing retirement savings. Increasing education regarding retirement accounts and reducing the fear of losing retirement savings encourages the use of the stock market in retirement planning. The findings suggested social change implications as future retirees increase use of retirement plans and reduce their reliance on public assistance programs.