Date of Conferral



Doctor of Public Health (DrPH)


Health Services


Robert Marino


Bisphenol A (BPA), a widely used chemical in plastic, has drawn wide attention due to its presence in many consumer products and the environment. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between urinary BPA and the reporting of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and then to examine the effect of C-reactive protein (CRP) as a moderating variable. The data used in this research were extracted from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey collected in 2009-2010. Guided by the advanced epidemiological triangle, analysis involved 2 stepwise binary logistic regressions. The first step suggested that the controls were significant in predicting CVD (Ï?2 (5) = 83.72, p < .001, R2 = .15). The Nagelkerke R2 coefficient of determination indicated that the controls explained approximately 15% of the variance in instances of CVD. The second step of the binary logistic regression included the controls and BPA level in the model together. The regression analysis suggested that the Nagelkerke coefficient of determination (Ï?2 (6) = 83.76, p < .001, R2 = .15) did not increase from the 15% explained by the controls, and BPA level was found to be a nonsignificant predictor of CVD (p = .853). Due to lack of association between BPA and CVD, the analysis was shifted to examine the association between urinary BPA and serum CRP. The association between urinary BPA and serum CRP was also statistically nonsignificant (Spearman correlation coefficient, rs= .06, p = .015). The results may have positive social change by contributing to the body of knowledge on BPA and by increasing scientific scrutiny for substances used in people's daily lives.