Date of Conferral
Catheter associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) incidence continue to rise despite all prevention efforts. The state of Georgia incidence of CAUTI between 2012 and 2013 showed an increase by 350 cases. The challenge is translating CAUTI prevention knowledge into practice by all physicians. The purpose of this correlational study was to improve the epidemiological understanding of CAUTI. Looking at physicians’ perception and practice of CAUTI preventions was necessary. A total of 336 physicians from the state of Georgia completed a 26-item survey. Additionally, a pilot study was conducted on a small sample of participants. The result of the Cronbach alpha for the pilot study analysis of the 26-item survey instrument indicated excellent reliability. The analysis revealed that participants’ frequency of training on proper catheterization and their perception of CAUTI risk factors and effective implementation of CAUTI prevention bundle elements, varied significantly. It also resulted that many of the participants were not knowledgeable of certain important CAUTI prevention elements. Only a few made changes in their practice despite knowledge of the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services reimbursement policy. Results of the Pearson’s chi-square test for independence indicated a significant correlation (p < .05) between physicians’ perception and practice of CAUTI prevention elements and CAUTI incidence. The results of this study suggest that current CAUTI prevention practice may be inefficient without the effective implementation of proven bundled element. Improved understanding of CAUTI and its relation to effective implementation of bundled prevention elements may result in improved prevention efforts, decreased morbidity, mortality, and overall healthcare cost.