Date of Conferral







Brian L. Ragsdale


As of 2010, depression was the second most serious disorder among developed nations. Historically, African Americans, Latinos, and people of Caribbean descent have underutilized mental health services and have therefore been underrepresented in such statistics. Investigation into depression among Haitian men, from a Western or a non-Western cultural perspective, has been sparse in the literature. Bandura's social learning theory and Mahalik's biopsychosocial framework provided the theoretical foundation for this investigation. The purpose of this quantitative analysis was to explore the relationship between levels of depression in Haitian men related to restrictive emotionality, self-reliance, subjective masculine stress, spiritual well-being, and length of time in the United States. The data were obtained from demographic questionnaires and surveys to among 90 Haitian men residing in the United States, between the ages of 20 to 40 years old. Data were analyzed using multiple regression. The results indicated Haitian men who have been in the United States for a longer period of time showed a significant correlation to depression in comparison to their counterparts who have been in the United States for a shorter period of time (r = .22, p< .04). These results promote social change by providing information about depression among Haitian men to health care professionals, clinicians, and researchers who provide services to this grossly underserved population.