Date of Conferral


Date of Award

March 2024


Doctor of Public Health (DrPH)


Public Health


Richard Palmer


Prior research has shown that Latinos in the United States face disproportionate challenges in managing their asthma symptoms. Therefore, this study aimed to identify factors that may influence medication adherence and asthma episodes among Latinos in the United States and was guided by Andersen’s health behavior theory. Data from 2020 Latinos who participated in the National Health Interview System in 2020 were analyzed. Findings indicated that nearly 23% of respondents reported an asthma episode. Approximately 25% of the sample reported an asthma episode during the last 12 months. A total of 43.6% of the sample reported not taking medication every day. Study findings indicated that there were no associations between asthma episodes and medication adherence (p = .11), asthma episodes and health insurance (p = .37), or asthma episodes and living in rural/urban areas (p = .17). Logistic regression models did not find a significant relationship between medication adherence, living in urban/rural areas, medication cost, education level, gender, or age on participants’ likelihood of having an asthma episode. For long-term social change, it is important to educate future generations on how to prevent asthma to help them identify early signs of asthma episodes and use the correct medication at the correct time to decrease asthma episodes. Asthma prevention is in everyone’s hands.

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