Date of Conferral
Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A.)
Employers adopt worksite health promotions to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases, reduce healthcare costs, reduce absenteeism and presenteeism, and improve productivity. The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to explore the motivational factors affecting employee participation in employer-sponsored health awareness programs. The theory of planned behavior grounded the study and formed the conceptual framework. Data collection occurred through semistructured interviews with 24 participants in the northeastern United States with lived experiences in worksite health promotion. Participants answered open-ended interview questions regarding the motivations for engaging in health promotions. Data were transcribed and coded for trends and themes. During data analyses, 4 themes emerged, which included program recruitment and notification, employer commitment, employee motivations, and incentives and rewards. The implications for positive social change include the potential for employers incorporating the results to instigate enhanced employee participation in employer-sponsored health awareness programs. Higher employee rates of participation may aid employers in achieving the established benefits of worksite health promotion and may contribute to improving the health of employees.