Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Dr. Judith Cornelius
The purpose of this educational influenza vaccination project was to increase nurses' influenza vaccination rates. Nationally, 41% of nurses were vaccinated, which is far below the Healthy People 2020 goal of an influenza vaccination rate of 90%. Literature suggests that the low nurses' vaccination rate is responsible for inpatient healthcare associated influenza, mortality, and influenza-like illness. Healthcare facilities will not be reimbursed for treatment of healthcare associated infection. Despite recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for nurses to become vaccinated, only 20% of the 800 nurses at a healthcare facility in Baltimore were vaccinated for the past 2 years. A literature search for evidence-based articles was done electronically. Databases such as CINAHL, PubMed, and Medline identified 450 scholarly articles on attitudes, perceptions, and benefits of vaccination. Twenty-one scholarly articles written from 2006 onward that referenced increasing nurse vaccination rate were selected. Pender's health promotion model provided a conceptual view on beliefs and attitudes while explaining the delay in nurses to becoming vaccinated. Based on these scholarly sources a Power-Point presentation was developed that included 10 educational sessions. Five advisory committee members of experts were contacted via e-mail and telephone to review the educational project for feasibility and content validity. The advisory committee members commented that the educational project was feasible and relevant to the content of influenza vaccination for nurses. Social change will focus on nurses adapting a change in practice, and increasing their vaccination rate as a result of this evidence-based educational project.