Caregiver Status and Self-Reported Health Status Among African American
African American women (AAW) are at a high risk for type 2 diabetes, a debilitating and potentially fatal disease for which there is no cure. The purpose of this study was to extend the research of Mosca et al. (2012) by examining the relationship between caregiver status and self-reported health status for AAW 18 years or older diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. The chronic care model (CCM) provided the theoretical framework for this study. The CCM promoted routine care for patients with chronic illnesses to migrate from acute care to proactive, planned, and risk-based protocols. A binomial logistic regression investigated the relationship between caregiver status, categorized as paid or unpaid, and self-reported health status, which was dichotomized as either good to excellent health or poor to fair health. There was a statistically significant relationship between primary caregiver status and self-reported health status among AAW diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes after controlling for age, education, and marital status (p < .004). Based on the fitted binomial logistic regression model, there were 186 cases of AAW with type 2 diabetes; having a paid caregiver was associated with a lower odds of having good to excellent health (OR = 0.294). About 12.3% of the variance in self-report health status was attributable to caregiver status. Overall, 82.6% of predictions were accurate. Nearly all participants required frequent assistance from a caregiver in the preceding 12 months. These findings suggest a critical need for healthcare service providers to educate caregivers as a means to deliver post-acute care to AAW diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, consistent with the CCM.