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Public Policy and Administration


Ernesto Escobedo


AbstractHuman trafficking has been a historical and global concern as well as a global crime against humanity that violates individual rights, freedom, and privileges. Human trafficking has become a growing phenomenon in Edo State, Nigeria, while the existing policy to combat it has proved ineffective. There was a gap in understanding strategies for the unification of the policies at the level of Edo State, Nigeria, and the level of the United Nations (UN) to ensure better outcomes in the fight against human trafficking. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to explore perceived barriers to implementing collaborative policy unification between Edo state and the UN. The conceptual framework in this study was based on the Narrative Policy Framework of McBeth et al., the Advocacy Coalition Framework developed by Sabatier and Jenkins-Smith, and the Victimology Theory of Braimah. Data were drawn from existing documents and qualitative surveys utilizing 14 participants from the various workforces of human services and law-enforcement sectors. The data were subjected to open coding, categorization, and thematic analysis. The most selected themes that emerged were lack of funding for training, victims’ low self f-esteem, and a limited justice system that resulted in ineffective policy implementation. Recommendations for future policy improvement should focus on policy unification and collaboration for disciplinary actions against traffickers regardless of where the crime was committed. Positive social change implications of the study include helping local policymakers, law enforcement, and social services providers in Edo State, improve collaboration with the UN entities and agencies in Nigeria to combat human trafficking.

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