Date of Conferral





Public Health


Katie C. Callahan-Myrick


AbstractGlobally, childhood obesity is a major social and public health concern characterized by complications such as high cholesterol and high blood pressure. The purpose of this quantitative cross-sectional study was to examine the association between childhood obesity in children age 6–12 years and the socioeconomic status of their parents in the Southwest geopolitical zone of Nigeria. Social cognitive theory served as the theoretical framework for the study. Questionnaire data were collected from 384 parents/guardians of children age 6–12 years across three states in the Southwest geopolitical zone of Nigeria. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression at p < 0.05. Results of binomial logistic regression indicated a significant association between parents’ socioeconomic status, as measured by annual household income, and childhood obesity. However, child’s physical activity and child’s nutritional behavior did not significantly predict childhood obesity. Results of multivariate analysis indicated no significant associations between parents’ socioeconomic status, child’s physical activity, or child’s nutritional behavior and childhood obesity after adjusting for child’s age, child’s sex, state of residence, and parents’ marital status. In the final model, child’s age was a significant factor associated with childhood obesity. Results could be used to amend and improve existing obesity-related interventions for prevention of childhood obesity.