Date of Conferral
Jerrold Shapiro, Ph.D.
Investigated personality factors associated with self-actualization among first time entering students at a predominately trade-technical community college. The Ss were 529 students enrolled in liberal arts and trade-technical programs. The Ss were administered the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI) and the results formed the basis of two analyses.
I. A 2x2x2 (eight cells) factorial analysis included length of attendance, vocational choice, and age, applied to each of the 12 POI scales. It was found that: (1) POI measures did not differentiate between persisters and drop-outs over a one semester period; (2) that liberal arts students received better POI scores than did technical vocational students on the scales of Inner-Directed Control, Existentiality, Self-Regard, Synergy, and Capacity for Intimate Contact; and (3) that older students received better scores than younger students on the Time Competence, Inner-Directed Control, Self-Actualizing Values, Synergy, and Self-Regard scales.
II. A lx8 analysis for each of the 12 POI scales indicated differences between the eight major ethnic groups represented in the study. The scales of Time Competence, Inner Directed Control, and Existentiality were significant at the .01 level, and the scales of Synergy, Self-Actualizing Values, Nature of Man, Self-Acceptance, and Capacity for Intimate Contact were significant at the . 05 level. A subsequent Newman-Keuls analysis revealed greatest differences between Filipinos. Chinese and Portuguese versus other groups studied. Caucasians received higher scores on all scales and Filipinos scored consistently low on all scales. A comparison of the Tc and I scales for the ethnic groups indicated a relationship between these scales and degree of acculturation.