Date of Conferral



Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)


Health Services


Mercy Popoola


Computerized physician order entry (CPOE) is used in healthcare organizations to improve workflow processes and transcription, as well as to prevent prescribing errors. Previous research has indicated challenges associated with CPOE for end-users that predispose patients to unsafe practices. Unsafe CPOE practices can be detrimental within the intensive care unit (ICU) setting due to the complexity of nursing care. Consequently, end-user satisfaction and understanding of CPOE and electronic health record (EHR) functionality are vital to avoid error omissions. CPOE initiatives should be refined post system implementation to improve clinical workflow, medication processes, and end-user satisfaction. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to refine CPOE system initiatives and develop an e-learning educational module to facilitate end-user understanding of and satisfaction with CPOE. The Iowa model of evidence-based practice, Lean methodology, and Provider Order Entry User Satisfaction and Usage Survey (POESUS) were used to guide the study. An e-learning module was implemented to increase staff understanding of the newly implemented CPOE system, and a plan was provided for ongoing data collection and investigation of end-user satisfaction and medication inadequacies with the CPOE system. A mixed-method design was recommended to key stakeholders to identify the impact of the e-learning course and refined CPOE initiatives on both end-user satisfaction and patient outcomes in the medical-surgical ICU. Findings from the study informed the impact of e-learning educational modules with CPOE system implementation. Those in organizations implementing advanced technology such as CPOE and EHR systems in critical care settings will find this paper of interest.