Date of Conferral



Doctor of Healthcare Administration (D.H.A.)


Health Services


Sally D. Willis


AbstractUnderrepresentation in nursing is a major concern for the African American community. Presently, racial, and ethnic minorities are underrepresented in the nursing workforce and other healthcare occupations. Having a more diverse workforce may help meet both current and future healthcare needs of the population being served. This quantitative study explored how African American male nurses are underrepresented in leadership in the Delaware Valley in Pennsylvania. Secondary data from the National Nursing Workforce Survey was used to obtain relevant data. The study highlighted how the movement into leadership for African American nurses is impeded by (a) a lack of mentors, (b) unequal opportunity in educational background, and (c) other racial and income inequalities. The challenges that African American male nurses face in different healthcare settings were showcased. Information from empirical research reflected the advancements that were made in the nursing profession to recruit nurses that mirror the demographic of the patient population. Still, more need to be done to ensure adequate cultural representation in the healthcare sector. The findings from this research study will promote positive social change by guiding policy makers in the healthcare sector and nursing practice to implement policies to encourage minority races to pursue educational and leadership opportunities and increase their representation in nursing frontline leadership positions.