Paternal Postpartum Depression

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International Journal of Childbirth Education

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Paternal postpartum depression (PPD) is estimated to occur in 4% to 25% of new fathers within the first postpartum year. Paternal PPD occurs later postpartum in men than in women, and results in father/infant bonding issues, may lead to long term effects for the child, and have detrimental effects on the couple's relationship. Warning signs of paternal PPD include the mother having PPD, the father having a history of depression, being under 25, and not being a married. Recent evidence suggests that paternal PPD may be related to sensitivity to low testosterone in some men. Childbirth professionals have the opportunity to raise awareness of this issue through pre and postnatal education of both parents.