Date of Conferral
Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A.)
Healthcare fraud is threatening the economic stability of the U.S. healthcare system and negatively affecting organizational costs. Financial losses from healthcare fraud account for approximately $80 billion per year of the $2.4 trillion healthcare budget. Leadership strategies that may aid in combating Medicare fraud were explored in this qualitative single case study. The criminal violation of trust theory guided the study as it provides healthcare leaders with an understanding of the portion of the fraud triangle over which they have the most control to combat fraud: the opportunity to commit fraud. Data were gathered from review of publically available documents and information received from 10 semistructured interviews with health care leaders in the Mid-Atlantic area of the United States who have the responsibility of overseeing, developing, monitoring, or implementing control mechanisms for Medicare services. Yin's 5-step data analysis process and thematic analysis were used to analyze the data. Three key themes emerged from the study: an effective control environment, an adequate accounting system, and adequate control procedures. Health care leaders in the study recognized that the control environment plays a crucial role on the integrity and ethical values of its employees. The health care leaders acknowledged that an effective accounting system ensures Medicare funds are properly tracked and accounted for. Health care leaders also shared that adequate control procedures aid in deterring fraud and provide reasonable assurance that leaders meet the fiscal and programmatic objectives of the Medicare program. Social implications include reducing healthcare costs for U.S. citizens and creating control strategies that may contribute to a healthcare system to lead to a healthier citizenry.