Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Psychiatric recovery-oriented care is aimed at improving patients' quality of care while increasing the efficiency of health care providers. Despite the benefits of recovery-oriented care, this approach is often lacking in health care settings. The purpose of this project was to implement a recovery-oriented training on psychoeducational groups on a 26-bed psychiatric unit. The Iowa model of evidence-based practice and adult learning theory provided the framework for the project. The objectives were to (a) assess training needs, (b) evaluate barriers for recovery-oriented psychiatric nursing, (c) develop strategies to address barriers, (d) train staff in psychoeducational approaches, and (e) evaluate the training effectiveness. Information on knowledge, confidence, training needs and barriers in conducting psychoeducational groups was collected from 24 nursing staff. Open-ended interviews were conducted to ascertain staff perceptions on training needs and barriers. Interview responses were analyzed for common themes. Staff expressed a need for training and perceived a lack of knowledge and time as barriers in conducting psychoeducational groups. A questionnaire was used to collect data on knowledge (8 items) and confidence (5 items) pre and post training. Pre/post responses were analyzed using descriptive statistics and paired sample t test. Results showed a significant increase in staff knowledge, but not confidence in conducting psychoeducational groups from pre to posttest. Results may be used by psychiatric nursing staff to improve the quality of recovery-oriented care, patient satisfaction, and efficiency of the care delivery system. Recovery-oriented psychiatric care implicitly changes social norms by helping individuals with mental health problems integrate back into their communities.