Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Heart failure is a complex heart disease that incapacitates more than 5 million people, is associated with increasing healthcare cost, and remains the leading cause of admission in the United States. As the United States faces increasing financial burden related to readmission of heart failure patients within 30 days of discharge, many healthcare institutions are evaluating interventions to determine the most effective opportunities to improve systems, including nursing practice. The purpose of this doctoral project was to improve readmission rates within 30 days of discharge from an acute care facility through the development and implementation of a standardized, evidence-based, patient-centered discharge education toolkit using the Teach-Back method. Orem's self-care theory and the situation-specific theory of heart failure self-care were utilized as a theoretical framework to inform this doctoral project. The sources of evidence were obtained from the Get With The Guidelines-Heart Failure database and through a review of nursing and health-related databases. Descriptive statistics were used to compare the pre- and posteducation session readmission rates. The rate of readmissions occurring within thirty days of discharge pre- and post-educational session retrieved from the GWTG-Heart Failure database were 9.4% and 0.0% respectively. These results showed that this discharge toolkit reduced heart failure 30-days readmission rates. The limitations and strengths of this project will be used to guide further research on heart failure readmission and self-care management. This DNP project will promote positive social change for clinicians, who can use this discharge toolkit to improve self-management in adults with heart failure and thus decrease the costs related to readmission.