Date of Conferral

2017

Degree

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

School

Nursing

Advisor

Mattie Burton

Abstract

Discharge instructions and medication directions can be overwhelming for older adults, which can lead to potential medication errors, noncompliance, readmissions, and patient safety concerns. At a specialty lung clinic, the goal is to improve patient safety and to decrease the chance of errors by standardizing the discharge process via a Teach-Back education policy and protocol. Without consistency, there is a potential for mistakes and misunderstandings. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) considers the Teach-Back discharge method as best practice and should be considered universal practice among health care workers. Using the Always Use Teach-Back Toolkit for education and evaluation provided strategies and resources for the project. Five nurse practitioners and a physician assistant, who are responsible for discharge instructions, participated in the study by viewing an online teaching module and completing written surveys. The Conviction and Confidence Tool revealed 100% of the clinicians agreed that Teach-Back education was â??10-Very Importantâ?? and were â??10-Very Confidentâ?? in their abilities to apply the Teach-Back methods using a 1-10 Likert scale. Likewise, the practitioners showed significant improvements when comparing the pre-implementation and one-month, post-policy implementation, as indicated in the paired t test of the second part of the Conviction and Confidence Teach-Back Tool. Nursing plays a pivotal role in positive social change by using an evidence-based education method, which improves patient care through medication compliance and decreased readmission rates, thus showing significant transformation in chronic health management.

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