Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
The challenge of diabetes prevention is to reduce the financial and human costs of diabetes by preventing new cases and enacting social change. African Americans and Hispanics Americans have a high incidence of Type 2 diabetes because of factors that place them at risk for prediabetes. The purpose of this project was to plan the implementation and evaluation of a Type 2 diabetes prevention program in a medical office clinical setting. The clinic of interest was located in the downtown area of the city and provided care mostly to African American population. The Iowa model of evidence-based practice formed the theoretical framework for the study. The goal was to decrease the number of African Americans patients who will convert from prediabetes to Type 2 diabetes in the medical office clinic. The program was planned using the information from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention Road to Health toolkit. The outline covered a 6-week program. A pretest will be given to assess baseline knowledge of diabetes and diabetes prevention. The same test will be given after the implementation to evaluate if the program enhanced diabetes and diabetes prevention knowledge. Six months after the implementation of the program, nurses will complete a chart review to evaluate how many patients converted from pre-diabetes to Type 2 diabetes since the implementation of the project. The project will lead to the integration of a Type 2 diabetes prevention program in a medical clinic. It will increase the number of African Americans with prediabetes who will engage in lifestyle modification behavior. The project will also decrease the incidence of Type 2 diabetes among African Americans and reduce the health disparity of diabetes among the population.