Date of Conferral
Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A.)
Healthcare data can contain sensitive, personal, and confidential information that should remain secure. Despite the efforts to protect patient data, security breaches occur and may result in fraud, identity theft, and other damages. Grounded in the theoretical backdrop of integrated system theory, the purpose of this study was to determine the association between data privacy breaches, data storage locations, business associates, covered entities, and number of individuals affected. Study data consisted of secondary breach information retrieved from the Department of Health and Human Services Office of Civil Rights. Loglinear analytical procedures were used to examine U.S. healthcare breach incidents and to derive a 4-way loglinear model. Loglinear analysis procedures included in the model yielded a significance value of 0.000, p > .05 for the both the likelihood ratio and Pearson chi-square statistics indicating that an association among the variables existed. Results showed that over 70% of breaches involve healthcare providers and revealed that security incidents often consist of electronic or other digital information. Findings revealed that threats are evolving and showed that likely factors other than data loss and theft contribute to security events, unwanted exposure, and breach incidents. Research results may impact social change by providing security professionals with a broader understanding of data breaches required to design and implement more secure and effective information security prevention programs. Healthcare leaders might affect social change by utilizing findings to further the security dialogue needed to minimize security risk factors, protect sensitive healthcare data, and reduce breach mitigation and incident response costs.