Date of Conferral
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
The World Health Organization noted that 2 global health problems have reached epidemic proportions: obesity and type 2 diabetes. These conditions affect nearly 170 million people worldwide. The clinical practice problem addressed by this project was the prevalence of adults ages 50 and older in an ambulatory care setting who suffer from obesity and diabetes and may benefit from a tailored weight management and nutrition education intervention. The purpose of this project was to design a program that would decrease body mass index and hemoglobin A1c in older patients through adaption of the Chronic Disease Self-Management Program. The evidence supporting this project was obtained through a systematic literature review. The self-efficacy theory guided the project, and the evidence-based practice model used to plan the translation of the evidence into practice was the plan-do-check/study-act cycle, a continuous process improvement model used in many health care settings. The product of the project was an education intervention implementation plan that will be agreed upon by the project team and tracked using a Gantt chart. The program's effectiveness will be evaluated by analyzing the themes of qualitative feedback from patients who complete the program and through comparisons using t test statistics of body mass index and A1c that will be collected at 12 weeks and 12 months after the program start. The social change expected of this program, when implemented, is an increase in patients' engagement in and self-management of their care and a more trusting relationship among patients and the health care team. The recommendations from this project also may be useful in addressing health disparities often experienced by patients suffering from obesity and diabetes.