Date of Conferral
Poor sexual communication among Nigerian youth can create problems for health workers, medical practitioners, and the government in determining what is and is not working in their attempts to reduce sexually-related diseases. This quantitative study used self-administered questionnaires among 107 Nigerian university students, aged 18 to 35, to determine if a statistically significant predictive relationship existed between: (a) beliefs about alcohol, (b) HIV knowledge, (c) risk behaviors, (d) age, (e) religion, (f) gender, (g) sexual activity status, (h) dating status, (i) language, (j) sexual orientation, and (k) tribes of Nigerian university students and their sexual communication with partners. Previous studies did not use the AIDS risk reduction model (ARRM) as a theoretical framework to identify frequent risk factors in this population. This study was guided by the ARRM and used the Sexual Risk Survey (SRS), the HIV-KQ-18, the Revised Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire (AEQ-3), and the Dyadic Sexual Communication Scale (DSC) to assess the participants. Independent-sample t tests were used to analyze the correlation of study variables and the results showed statistically significant differences only in tribal affiliation (p = .022), gender (p < .001; p =.016), dating status (p = .017), age (p = .006), and sexual activity status (p = .001). Linear regression analyses results showed no statistically significant predictive relationship, R = .322, R2 = .103, F (12, 94) = 0.904, p = .546, between HIV knowledge, beliefs about alcohol and risk behaviors of Nigerian students, and their ability to communicate sexually. These findings justify the need for more culturally sensitive studies and gender/age appropriate HIV intervention strategies in Nigeria.