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Alice Eichholz


Increased demand for culturally sensitive healthcare services suggests that interprofessional beginning healthcare students need to gain the necessary cultural competency skills to be successful in delivering positive health outcomes for diverse patients. Bandura's theory of observational learning, Mezirow's theory of transformative learning, and Purnell's and Paulanka's model of cultural competence informed the framework for this research. The purpose of this quasi-experimental quantitative study was to determine the relationship between mode of instruction (observing role models in videotaped role-play simulation) and increased transcultural self-efficacy in cultural competence instruction. A convenience sample of 196 students enrolled in an interprofessional education (IPE) course was randomly assigned at the time of course enrollment to either control or experiment course sections. Pretest and posttest data were collected anonymously through paper-and-pencil administration of the Transcultural Self-Efficacy Toolâ??Multidisciplinary Healthcare Provider (TSET-MHP). Paired-samples t test showed that students in the intervention group had statistically higher (p < .05) posttest scores in perceived transcultural self-efficacy after observation of standardized patient actors in a videotaped role-play simulation than did students in the control group. These results support the use of videotaped role-play simulation for cultural competence instruction as a means to achieve improved patient care within the culturally diverse population in the healthcare system.