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Precilla Belin


A disproportionate number of African American women are at increased risk for uterine fibroid tumors (UF) compared to their Caucasian, Asian, and Hispanic counterparts. Researchers have indicated that women diagnosed with UF can have a poorer health-related quality of life (HRQOL) when compared to women who do not have a diagnosis of UF. The overall aim of this study was to explore the impact of UF symptoms on the HRQOL of African American women. A quantitative, cross-sectional design was employed utilizing the revised version of Wilson and Clearyâ??s model of HRQOL. A sample was gathered of 80 participants who were African American women between age 30 and 45 years with a current diagnosis of UF. Linear and multiple hierarchical regressions were performed to determine the relationship among UF symptom severity and HRQOL based on 6 subscales of HRQOL (as measured by the UFS-QOL). There was a statistically significant association between symptom severity, the 6 subscale variables of HRQOL, and employment. No significant associations were observed with age, family history (hx) of UF diagnosis, body mass index, general health perception, overall quality of life, and symptom severity. The social change implication for this study is to provide information that can direct health care providers in the development of health maintenance programs that are sensitive to the needs of African American women diagnosed with UF. In addition it will promote the need for public health professionals and medical organizations to increase the availability of information related to UF symptoms and the impact of UF symptoms on HRQOL among women.