Date of Conferral
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has typically been treated with a deficits-based response while most research has ignored any intelligence differences between the subtypes, despite differing symptomology. This quantitative study explored whether or not a distinct pattern of intelligences existed within each of the subtypes or presentations of ADHD: inattentive (IT), hyperactive (HT), and combined (CT). Using Gardner's multiple intelligences theory, data were collected via an online, self-administered survey from a sample of 132 participants, over 18 years of age, with IT, HT, and CT ADHD. The goal was to identify the most predominant of 8 different strengths or intelligences. Predominant intelligence types were measured through the completion of the online Multiple Intelligences Developmental Assessment Scale (MIDAS). Discriminant function analysis was used to interpret differences and combinations among predictors through identification of interdependency and pattern delineation. Study results failed to identify a distinct pattern of a relationship between the types of intelligence and ADHD subtypes. Further research is needed in the area of identifying the strengths of individuals diagnosed with ADHD in an effort to shift treatment and intervention responses to a more strengths-based perspective, possibly impacting individual, academic, and social success for those with ADHD.